I recently came across a quote by Jennifer Gonzalez where she interviewed Cognitive Scientist Pooja Agarwal “Retrieval practice: The most powerful learning strategy you’re not using” (you can listen to the podcast interview here) and this resonated with me because it wasn’t a strategy I was using for many years during my teaching career. Teachers often have so much content to get through that little time can be spent revisiting prior learning and subject content previously covered – I was guilty of this. Each lesson or week I would work my way through delivering new content on the specification or scheme of work and return to recall knowledge and understanding at a much later date. On reflection, it seems obvious that revisiting a topic 12 months later (or longer!) in the classroom just before the exam won’t be as effective as regular recall and retrieval.
The Retrieval Practice Challenge Grid I created has been used at the start of the lesson with a range questions that require students to retrieve and recall information from last lesson, last week and even further. This works well with exam classes as a useful revision strategy to recap and revisit subject content.
To find out more about retrieval practice you can visit retreivalpractie.org and a wide range of free and downloadable materials as well as blogs, podcasts and videos are available on the fantastic website LearningScientitsts.org. Books I have read and would recommend are Make it Stick: The Science of Successful Learning by Peter Brown, Henry Roediger III and Mark McDaniel and Why Don’t Students Like School? A Cognitive Scientist Answers Questions About How The Mind Works and What It Means For The Classroom By Daniel T Willingham. To read how other teachers are using retrieval practice in their classroom I recommend reading: Harnessing the power of the testing effect by Robin Macpherson and Promoting Metacognition with Retrieval Practice in Five Steps by Blake Harvard. Both educators fully embrace and promote researched informed evidence to support their teaching practice.
The Retrieval Practice Challenge grid was based on a resource I have used with my students for many years – a challenge grid which contains a range of questions covering the topic studied and the questions varied in the level of difficulty. This activity involved recalling subject knowledge but was often based on a week or two weeks worth of subject content not further back. There were questions on the challenge grid that all students should be able to access and other questions would be more challenging and require a more sophisticated or in-depth answer, this was great with my mixed ability classes. Students also created their own challenge grids to swap with their peers to complete. In my previous school, I was a teacher of History, Politics, RE, Welsh and PSHE so this was a very flexible and adaptable resource across subjects. Although I do use regular multiple choice quizzing the students don’t have a multiple choice for this task as “students will benefit most from tests that require recall from memory and not from tests that merely ask them to recognise the correct answer” – a quote from Strengthening the Student toolbox – Study Strategies to boost learning by Professor John Dunlosky another recommended read for both teachers and students!
As I have become more informed about retrieval practice and other effective strategies to support learning and long-term memory I have adapted resources and ideas. The tweets below illustrate how many other teachers are using retrieval practice and have adapted my challenge grid format for their students. Examples include a wide range of subjects such as History, Geography, Business Studies, Science, Maths and PE! The tweets also shows the power of Twitter for educators sharing and adapting resources and ideas.
— Mr Lewis (@StMartins_ML) January 5, 2018
— jennnnnn 🌎 (@Jennnnnn_x) January 5, 2018
Thanks for the idea! pic.twitter.com/QdrqM2Bdll
— BarlbyHistory (@BarlbyHistory) January 7, 2018
Shouts to Kate @87History on this starter, a lovely rework on a tried & tested formula that makes students aware of retrieval practice with a little healthy competition too #historyteacher #edchat #revision pic.twitter.com/9XiBvFtyO4
— Greg Thornton (@MrThorntonTeach) January 7, 2018
— Lesley Munro (@LesleyMunro4) January 7, 2018
— Abbey Willoughby (@histapprentice) January 7, 2018
— ⓉⓄⓂ ⒷⓇⓊⓈⒽ (@tombrush1982) January 7, 2018
— Miss R Cook (@misscookhistory) January 7, 2018
Upping the challenge with conceptual understanding. Revised Retrieval Practice Challenge Grid. See *** items. cc: @87History @LybryaKebreab @Moore1997B @GOBarnwell @ShardsL @wendy21brown @stedcamptandl #mtbos #msmathchat #iTeachMath pic.twitter.com/d7BGUjKEQQ
— Mary Dooms (@mary_dooms) January 7, 2018
Inspired by @87History created a retrieval practice grid for a team challenge to review content from last term / today and sent Ss away with it for h/w this week. #classicsteacher pic.twitter.com/KsCX6iCXfo
— Caron Downes (@caron_downes) January 8, 2018
— Scott Symons (@SymonsScott) January 8, 2018
— Miss Sharkey (@Sharkey_History) January 9, 2018
— Ben Taylor (@benawtaylor) January 9, 2018
Just did my first #retrievalpractice exercise with my small class of World Geo Ss! They liked it, and surprised me with how well they did! Thanks for the inspo @87History and to @PoojaAgarwal 's presentation for #ditchsummit pic.twitter.com/nLNfcMPrRv
— Mrs DeRoner (@MrsDeRoner) January 9, 2018
— Joe Rich (@jrpehero) January 9, 2018
Just made my own retrieval practice challenge grid for Yr 9. Thanks @87History and @ASTsupportAAli for sharing the idea! @AceThatTest #retrievalpractice #ASEChat #EdChat #scichat #whatItaughttoday pic.twitter.com/FWkRYAvDO1
— Miss J M Booth 🔬👩🏻🔬🌿 (@missjmbooth) January 10, 2018
— Mrs Hunt 💡 (@MrsHuntPhysics) January 10, 2018
— Damian Benney (@Benneypenyrheol) January 10, 2018
— Lauren Norgrove (@Norgrove01) January 10, 2018
I'm jumping on this bandwagon and made it into Bingo game. Students can choose any 4 in a row to attempt and then check their answers. #yorklearns #ibbio #retrievalpractice #spacedlearning pic.twitter.com/EoMOMAtM6C
— Juliana Agostino (@msagostino) January 12, 2018
Hey #SBI4U with exams coming up soon how many of these can you correctly answer without your notes in front of you, in say 10 minutes? #retrievalpractice @AceThatTest @RetrieveLearn pic.twitter.com/kSUw2dZ3xF
— Mr_Westbury 🔬🇨🇦 (@WestSBI4U) January 11, 2018
Really like the concept of the retrieval grid. Great for interleaved quizzing and has worked as a fantastic revision tool for my GCSE class. Thanks to @87History for sharing! #historyteacher #ukedchat pic.twitter.com/slLqUC5jHC
— Mr Cranston (@Mr_Cranston) January 14, 2018
— History Matters 365 (@Hist_Matters) January 14, 2018
@87History I adapted it for French instead of a vocab test. Loved it! It gave perspective to what they were recalling and I did it spontaneously rather than it being a night before, cram revision test! pic.twitter.com/kG8ATzuNSQ
— Jo Spencer-Hall (@jolspencer) January 14, 2018
If you would like a free template to download you can do find it here – thanks to Mark Anderson for creating this template and sharing freely. Thanks for taking the time to read my post. If you have any feedback or wish to share your resources, ideas or recommended reading then please do get in touch! You can get in touch via the contact page or send me a tweet @87History.